Aluminum metal is one of the most common alloys used in the casting industry. Aluminum can be found in all sorts of products including automobile parts, aerospace materials, and appliances. Aluminum is also used to make medical implants like hip joints. Aluminum is the least dense element on earth. The lightest metal that is castable is magnesium. Castable metals include aluminum, copper, zinc, and magnesium. Aluminum can be cast in different shapes and forms.
It can be cast in the form of ingots, billets, bars, sheets, plates, tubes, pipes, forgings, extruded rods, and blanks. Aluminum die casting machines use an aluminum alloy called Al6061 as the material of choice for producing die cast products.
It is a type of semi-liquid alloy with an intermediate melting point between Al6063 and Al6066. Aluminum is relatively soft compared to other metals. It is very easy to form because its temperature resistance is high. Its malleability allows it to be formed into complex shapes such as sheet dies.
Aluminum can be solidified, cooled, machined, and heat treated. Casting process involves melting the raw material and pouring it into a mold. As the material cools it becomes a permanent part of the mold.